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Your System Development Toolkit

System Development Toolkit | PEFC International

Standard Setting Procedures

auditAs the first step in standard setting, you will have to develop standard setting procedures. Comprehensive and realistic procedures ensure a clear way forward.

Your standard setting procedures will include processes for developing your forest management standard(s), and in the event that you choose not to adopt the international PEFC Chain of Custody standard, they will also include processes for developing your own Chain of Custody standard.

If you intend to apply for PEFC endorsement, your national forest management standard(s) must be developed in compliance with PEFC’s standard setting requirements. This is different for the implementation and administrative procedures, which may be developed by the standardising body and/or the National Governing Body directly without a full, participatory standard setting process.

"The forest management standard needs to respect local forest conditions but must also reflect the broader global definition of SFM that has been described in numerous international forums on the criteria for SFM and is reflected in PEFC Council requirements."

Paul Wooding
PEFC Canada

In PEFC’s view, standard setting procedures shall describe the following:

  • The standardising body status and structure;
  • The standard setting process – outlines activities, timeline, roles and responsibilities, and how each PEFC requirement will be met within your national context;
  • Procedures for record-keeping – describes your chosen approach, which will also needs to be compliant with PEFC criteria. Your records must be kept for a minimum of five years, made available on request, and they will be submitted as part of your eventual application for PEFC endorsement;
  • Procedures for ensuring the balanced representation of stakeholders – approach for mapping and inviting all interested parties and allowing them to participate in the decision making in a balanced way;
  • The mechanism for reaching consensus – outlines the bodies responsible and the process for consensus building;
  • Complaint and dispute resolution – explains requirements for naming a point of contact for enquiries and complaints, as well as how complaints are to be acknowledged, evaluated, addressed and formally communicated;
  • Procedures for revision of national standards.

phase 2

Nationally developed forest certification standards allow for:


Adaptation to your national forest conditions, ecology and practices;


Adaptation to your national legislation and regulations;


Consideration of your national forest owner structure;


Integration of your local needs and expectations;


Local ownership;


Involvement of local stakeholders.

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